Be interactive. Engage your child so they will actively listen to a story. Discuss what’s happening, point out things on the page, and answer your child’s questions. Ask questions of your own and listen to your child’s responses.
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Give your child choices, when possible. “Would you like an apple or banana for snack?”, “Which book would you like to read tonight before bed?” This will build your child’s confidence that he can make good choices.
Keep books everywhere; in the diaper bag, in the toy box, in the car, in the children’s rooms, all over the house. Babies and toddlers who grow up with books around them become more motivated to learn to read.
Encourage literacy in your child’s daily routines by making shopping lists together. Talk about the names of the letters and words as you write them. While shopping, help children to ‘read’ labels. Give them coupons and ask them to help you find the items.
Rhyming is one way children learn to hear the smaller parts of words. You may help them learn to rhyme by reading them Mother Goose rhymes or stories told in rhyme. Another fun thing to do is play an I Spy rhyming game. For example… “I spy something that rhymes with blue and that something is a….shoe!”
Read with passion! Maintaining the same highs and lows in your voice at the same point in a story helps your child begin to remember the words.
Make sure your child has lots of opportunities to talk with you, not just listen to you talk. Respond to what your child says and follow his or her lead. Answer your child’s questions as completely as possible. Your explanations help your child learn more about the world.
Give everything a name. You can build comprehension skills early, even with the littlest child. Play games that involve naming or pointing to objects. Say things like, “Where’s your nose?” and then, “Where’s Mommy’s nose?” Or touch your child’s nose and say, “What’s this?”